Honors Biology for 10th-12th grade

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Teacher: Christina
Customers Who Have Viewed This Course: 751

Welcome and Introduction

1 Honors Biology Welcome 05:19

Welcome to Honors Biology! This video will lay out lesson expectations and the design of each section.

Section 1: Macromolecules

2 Functional Groups - part 1 15:21

Our first lesson will focus on the functional groups that are involved in organic chemical reactions that occur in our cells.

3 Functional Groups - part 2 18:33

This lesson is a continuation of the previous video.

4 Functional Groups Worksheet Review 07:16

A detailed explanation for the functional groups worksheet

5 Macromolecule Reactions 22:51

This lesson will define what a macromolecule is and the reactions required to make and break down macromolecules.

6 Macromolecule Reactions Worksheet Review 06:18

A detailed explanation of the macromolecule reactions worksheet

7 Carbohydrates - part 1 18:21

This lesson introduces carbohydrates along with the compounds involved in making carbohydrates.

8 Carbohydrates - part 2 16:34

This lesson focuses on storage polysaccharides.

9 Carbohydrates - part 3 15:27

This lesson focuses on structural polysaccharides.

10 Carbohydrates Worksheet Review 12:47

A detailed explanation of the carbohydrates worksheet

11 Lipids - part 1 14:23

This lesson will introduce lipids, specifically how to make one fat (triglyceride) molecule.

12 Lipids - part 2 16:01

This lesson will help you understand the structure function relationship between saturated fats and unsaturated fats.

13 Lipids - part 3 19:00

This lesson will focus on the last two types of lipids - phospholipids and steroids.

14 Lipids Worksheet Review 07:27

A detailed explanation of the lipids worksheet

15 Proteins 18:00

This lesson will focus on amino acid structure and how amino acids link together to make proteins.

16 Nucleic Acids 24:24

This lesson will help you understand the structure of DNA and RNA and the nucleotides that they are made of.

17 Protein and Nucleic Acid Worksheet Review 07:27

Detailed explanation of the protein and nucleic acid worksheet

18 Section 1 Review 13:04

This lesson will help you fill out your review table that helps summarize the macromolecules learned in this section.

19 Section 1 Exam 00:00

Section 1 Exam

Section 2: Water and Cell Membranes

20 Properties of Water 24:36

The structure of water is crucial for it's function in our world. This video will focus on the relationship between the structure of water and it's properties.

21 Properties of Water Worksheet Review 09:34

Detailed explanation for the properties of water worksheet.

22 Cell Membranes - part 1 13:44

The lesson will help you understand the components of the cell membrane and how they interact.

23 Cell Membranes - part 2 23:51

This lesson will focus on passive transport across the cell membrane, which includes diffusion and osmosis.

24 Cell Membranes - part 3 21:07

This is a continuation of the previous lesson.

25 Membrane Structure and Passive Transport Worksheet Review 14:39

Detailed explanation of the membrane structure and passive transport worksheet.

26 Cell Membranes - part 4 22:43

This lesson will focus on active transport across the cell membrane, specifically the sodium-potassium pump.

27 Active Transport Worksheet Review 10:06

Detailed explanation of the active transport worksheet.

28 Section 2 Exam 00:00

Section 2 Exam

Section 3: The Cell

29 Microscopes 17:25

This section will focus on how we study cells through different types of microscopes.

30 Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes 18:11

This lesson will focus on the similarities and differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

31 The Nucleus and Ribosome 19:28

This lesson will focus on the nucleus and the ribosome, their structure and function.

32 Mitochondria, Chloroplasts, and Lysosomes 21:27

This lesson will focus on the structure and function of three unique organelles, the mitochondria, the chloroplast, and the lysosome.

33 ER and Golgi 29:59

This lesson dives into the organelles involved in the endomembrane system, specifically the endoplasmic retctulum and the Golgi Apparatus.

34 Vacuoles and Lysosome 14:03

This lesson focuses on the structure and function of vacuoles and lysosomes and the relationship they have with each other.

35 Organelle Worksheet Review 13:01

Detailed explanation of the organelle worksheet.

36 Cytoskeleton 19:15

This lesson focuses on the cytoskeletal filaments of the cell and provides a detailed explanation to fill out cytoskeleton chart.

37 Section 3 Exam 00:00

Section 3 Exam

Section 4: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

38 Enzymes 29:59

This lesson focuses on the dynamic role enzymes have in the cell along with the role of enzyme inhibitors.

39 Enzymes Worksheet Review 04:54

Detailed explanation of the enzymes worksheet.

40 Intro to Cellular Respiration 20:35

This lesson covers the overall reaction of cellular respiration along with a detailed explanation of the importance of the role of electron carriers for this process.

41 Glycolysis 15:26

This lesson covers the reaction for glycolysis - the production of two pyruvate molecules from one molecule of glucose in the cytosol of the cell.

42 Citric Acid Cycle 15:10

This lesson focuses on the second phase of cellular respiration - the citric acid cycle, the phase where carbon dioxide gets produced.

43 Electron Transport Chain 16:24

The electron transport chain and chemiosmosis (next lesson) are the final phase of cellular respiration and the moment when the vast majority of cellular energy is produced.

44 Chemiosmosis 16:52

Continuation from last lesson.

45 Cellular Respiration Worksheet Review 09:07

Detailed explanation of the cellular respiration worksheet.

46 Section 4 Exam 1 00:00

Section 4 Exam 1

47 Photosynthesis Introduction 19:54

This lesson introduces photosynthesis and the organelle responsible for this reaction, the chloroplast.

48 Light Reaction 18:09

The light reaction in the chloroplast is the first phase of photosynthesis and when water is split to produce oxygen, energy, and electron carriers.

49 Calvin Cycle 21:17

The Calvin Cycle is the second and final phase of photosynthesis and when carbon dioxide is captured from the atmosphere to produce sugar (glucose) for the cell.

50 Photosynthesis Worksheet Review 08:39

Detailed explanation of the photosynthesis worksheet.

51 Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Review 07:39

Review of cellular respiration and photosynthesis and an understanding of how the two process are related and essentially dependent on each other.

52 Section 4 Exam 2 00:00

Section 4 Exam 2

Section 5: Cell Division

53 Introduction 26:07

An introduction to cell division including important vocabulary understanding.

54 Chromosomes and Cell Cycle 22:24

An understanding into the structure of chromosomes and their structure throughout the cell cycle.

55 Cellular Division Intro Worksheet Review 06:16

Detailed explanation for the cell division worksheet.

56 Mitosis (part 1) 16:16

Part one of 2 into the phases of mitosis.

57 Mitosis (part 2) 20:44

Continuation into the phases of mitosis.

58 Mitosis Worksheet Review 06:01

Detailed explanation for the mitosis worksheet.

59 Meiosis Introduction 19:51

Introduction of meiosis including understanding of important vocabulary.

60 Meiosis I 21:57

The phases of Meiosis I.

61 Meiosis II 16:25

Phases of Meiosis II.

62 Meiosis Worksheet Review 07:18

Detailed explanation for the meiosis worksheet.

63 Summary and Gametogenesis 19:59

A comparison and summary of mitosis and meiosis. Additionally, meiosis' role in gametogenesis.

64 Gametogenesis Worksheet Review 06:20

Detailed explanation for the gametogenesis worksheet.

65 Section 5 Exam 00:00

Section 5 Exam

Welcome to Honors Biology! An in-depth and detailed course for 10-12 graders. This course covers the core concepts of Biology, including molecules and cells, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, and cell division.


This course includes:

•          41 Instructional Videos

•          5 Units

•          20 Worksheets With Answer Sheets and Explanation Videos

•          6 Exams With Keys


Course Goals
Upon course completion:

  • The student will understand and be able to articulate examples of the importance of structure and function, at microscopic and macroscopic scales.
  • The student will understand and be able to describe the cell as the basic unit of organisms’ structure.
  • The student will be able to provide examples of energy production and transfer, and understand and describe
    the importance of energy availability for organisms and ecosystems. 
  • The student will understand principles of information storage and transfer in cells. 

This video-course is primarily intended for 10th-12th grade
Course Requirements: A background in Chemistry is useful, but not necessary.



Section 1: Macromolecules

You will know:

•       Know and understand the following terms:

o   Elements, compounds, atom, proton, electron, neutron, atomic mass (mass number), atomic number, atomic weight, isotope, electron shells, chemical bonds, ionic bond, covalent bond, electronegativity, polarity, solute, solvent, aqueous solution

•       Identify and use functional groups to synthesize/hydrolyze polymers.

•       Explain what it means that biological function is at the chemical level and state which elements are essential for life. 

•       Know and understand the following terms:

o   Organic compounds, hydrocarbons, carbon backbone (carbon skeleton), isomers, macromolecules, polymer, monomer, dehydration synthesis, hydrolysis, carbohydrate, mono-, di-, and polysaccharide, phospholipids, enzyme, peptide bond, denaturation

•       Explain the characteristics and properties of the four macromolecules and their role in a cell.


Section 2: Properties of Water and Cell Membranes

You will know:

•       How the polarity of water molecules results in hydrogen bonding.

•       The four emergent properties of water. 

•       The energy transfer process that occurs when ATP is hydrolyzed.

•       Cell membrane structure and function, and be familiar with the following terms: Selective permeability, fluid mosaic model, receptors, signal transduction, concentration gradient, passive transport, diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport. 

•       Osmosis and how tonicity effects water balance between cells. 


Section 3: The Cell

You will know:

•      The principles of the light microscope, scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscope; distinguish between magnification and resolving power

•      The difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

•      The structure and function of all the organelles in a eukaryotic cell.

•      How the organelles are dependent or independent of each other.

•      The structure and functions of the cytoskeleton.

•      The structure, monomers, and functions of microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments.


Section 4: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

You will know:

•       Enzyme function and be familiar with the following terms: Activation energy, substrate, active site, induced fit, cofactors, coenzyme, competitive inhibitor, noncompetitive inhibitor.

•       The process of cellular respiration to produce ATP.

•       The process of photosynthesis to create oxygen and sugar.


Section 5: Cell Division

You will know:

•       What happens during each stage of the cell cycle.

•       What happens during each stage of mitosis.

•       The structure of chromosomes.

•       Each stage of meiosis and which stages are important for introducing genetic variability.

•       How gamete formation is different in males and females.


  • Teacher: Christina
  • Areas of expertise: Biology, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
  • Education: B.S. Biology (Honors) - Westmont College and Ph.D. Molecular Pathology - UCSD
  • Interests: The outdoors, discovery, and the joy that comes from constantly learning.
  • Skills: Curriculum and lab development, teacher development, and constantly learning.
  • Associations: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
  • Issues I care about: Fostering a love of learning and discovery of the beauty of science.

Science is more than just a bunch of stuff to memorize, it's something to treasure and appreciate. We get to learn how we work, how everything around us works. It's beautiful, amazing, and fun!

Section 1 Quiz - KEY

Section 1 Exam - KEY

Section 2 Quiz - KEY

Section 2 Exam - KEY

Section 3 Quiz - KEY

Section 3 Exam - KEY

Section 4 Exam 1 - KEY

Section 4 Exam 2 - KEY

Section 5 Exam - KEY

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